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Outside the Lab Training and education, Profession

Why Didn’t They Teach This in Med School?

Aichmophobia

(eɪkməˈfoʊbiə)

A fear of sharp objects, including needles.

Approximately 10 percent of adult Americans are scared of needles and will refuse injections they feel are unnecessary, such as an annual flu shot.

Dysbiosis

(dɪsbaɪˈoʊsəs)

An imbalance between bacteria forming the normal resident commensal microbiome in certain parts of the human body and new bacteria colonizing that part of the body for pathological reasons.

More than 10,000 fecal microbiotal transplants, colloquially known as “stool transplants,” were performed in the US in 2019 to correct large intestinal bacterial dysbiosis in diseases such as ulcerative colitis or recurrent C. diff-related pseudomembranous colitis.

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About the Author

Ivan Damjanov

Ivan Damjanov is Professor Emeritus of Pathology at the University of Kansas, Kansas City, USA.

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